Belarus, Russia sign nuclear security cooperation agreement
The energy Minister of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Ozerets and Director General of the Russian state corporation for nuclear energy Rosatom Sergei Kiriyenko signed an intergovernmental agreement on nuclear security cooperation between Belarus and Russia on 1 February.
The draft agreement on cooperation in nuclear security was approved in late 2012. The agreement envisages various cooperation forms, including the development of the nuclear security infrastructure, security regulation systems, development and improvement of the existing legal framework taking into account the IAEA requirements and norms, development of the crisis center network in Belarus, training of specialists in nuclear security.
The first document regarding the preparation to the NPP construction in Belarus was signed in Minsk on 28 May 2009. it is the Belarusian-Russian intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the peaceful use of atomic energy. This framework document stipulates the main areas of cooperation in the development, designing, construction and exploitation of the nuclear power plant, supplies of nuclear fuel, ensuring of nuclear and radiation security as well as the issues of scientific cooperation and the training of the personnel.
The next step was the signing of the contractual agreement on the NPP construction in October 2011. The document envisages the construction of power generating units No.1 and No.2 in Belarus. The document was signed by Atomstroyexport (Russia), the company of the state corporation Rosatom, and the NPP Construction Directorate (Belarus). On 18 July 2012 Belarus and Russia signed the general contract on the construction of the Belarusian NPP. The genera contract defines the obligations and responsibilities of the parties, the timing of the project, its estimated cost up to 2020, payment terms, delivery of equipment, organization of construction, commissioning of the units and other conditions.
The Belarusian nuclear power plant will have two power generating units with the total capacity of up to 2,400MW (1,200MW each). It will be built at the Ostrovets site in Grodno Oblast. The design AES-2006 has been chosen for Belarus’ first nuclear power plant. The design is fully compliant with international norms and IAEA recommendations. The first power generating unit of the nuclear power plant is scheduled for commissioning in November 2018, with the second one scheduled for July 2020.